14th Sunday of Ordinary time, cycle C

3rd July 2016

The reading is from the last chapter of the book of Isaiah (66:10-14) which is a section of poetry concerning the Jews who had returned from exile in Babylon to the ruins of their temple and city. They had uncertain emotions about the reason God had allowed this to happen and about his relationship with them. Ideas about the nature of God vary throughout the Old Testament and even in the New Testament and throughout the history of Christianity. In some situations, both of nations and of individuals, it can seem appropriate for God to be presented as harsh and even angry, but in others and at other times it seems preferable for God to be seen as forgiving and loving. So, in the reading, God is associated with the perfect Jerusalem, which in the New Testament would be called the coming Kingdom of God and is today what Christians call heaven or the future fulfillment of God’s plan for creation. In this poetry it is an image of a loving mother with a suckling and bouncing baby – an image of warmth and love, as the love of God for his people. But interestingly the section set out for our reading omits the second half of the last phrase which in full reads as “to his servants the Lord will reveal his hand but to his enemies his fury.” This would make it more like the Last Judgement when the just shall be saved and others not.

For the second reading we have the last few verses (Gal 6:14-18) of Paul’s letter to the Galatians. It reminds us that not only is the Kingdom open to non-Jews but that we are already living as new creatures in this life here and now – as expressed and illustrated in the other two readings.

In Luke’s gospel Jesus’ public work is told as a journey from Galilee to Jerusalem; it is a time for drawing people to him with his message of God as a loving and forgiving Father; in this Luke follows the pattern of Matthew and Mark; and so the gospel journey comes to an end with the death and raising of Jesus to be with the Father in heaven. But the geographical movement in Luke is interrupted by chapters 10 to 18. Before that Jesus has already chosen the twelve and even sent them out to preach – twelve is the number of the Jewish tribes and it is these and those who join them, that are thought of as being drawn towards the Kingdom of God. The reading for today (Luke 10:1-20 – omitting the woes on unrepentant cities) begins this interruption with an account of the selection of seventy ‘missionaries’ sent out in a similar way. Luke knew that in the Bible (Genesis 10 and 11) after the flood there were 70 nations that filled the whole world; so this story shows that God’s Kingdom is open to all people, not just Jews; and so the 70 should eat whatever food, never minding the Jewish dietary rules; but the spreading of this good news will be difficult – they will be “like lambs to the slaughter.” The last section of today’s gospel reading tells of their success but they shouldn’t rejoice about this though they will be named for heaven.

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